What Theology Is All About? – Discover It Here!

What is theology all about?

People who are interested in learning more about the topic often start with some form of this question. Here’s a quick answer for those inquirers.

Theology is about building religion. It asserts that God exists, that man is His creation, and that a proper relationship exists between the two. Theology is concerned with exploring that relationship and building an earthly framework to produce and preserve it.

Now that we’ve seen a sound answer to the question, let’s explore the different facets of the subject. I encourage the reader to pay close attention to the section entitled Theology as a Unified Science.

What Is Theology?

Theology is the study of religion. Religion is concerned with the relationship between God and His creation. This also extends to the relationship between those things within His creation.

This focus often compels students to review topics about faith and the way peoples from different cultures express it. This study is important because cultures arise from the precepts contained within their dominant religion.

So cultural norms are often rooted in religious teachings, and theology is the study of this source.

One Made of Many

Theology contains many topics. These include:

  • Philosophy
  • History
  • Anthropology
  • Psychology
  • Biology
  • etc.

And it looks at these topics using precepts found within sources that have been called divinely inspired in order to maintain their authority.

Common questions which theologians address include:

  • What is God
  • What is man’s connection to Him?
  • How do we discern His will?
  • How do we enact it?
  • And what methods do we use to answer these questions?

Most of the people who study theology do so because they want to one day work for a church, although most programs will accept people who are merely curious about the subject.

What Do Theologians Study?

The subjects which a theologian will study depend upon the religion in question. However, most programs require one to learn about the history of the religion and the people from which it came. Students also learn about geography and the standards which the religion uses to determine truth.

Of course, great amounts of time are invested into reviewing the texts which the religion holds as sacred. the study of these works often leads to coursework in foreign and ancient languages. Theology students often spend at least a semester learning the original language of their holy book.

Coursework also places a great amount of emphasis on philosophy and the techniques used by both the secular and the devoted for finding truth. These studies often introduce contemporary issues into the discussion of religion and its place in the world around it.

Working as a Theologian

Jobs for theologians are hard to come by. They exist within churches as leaders and organizers. Meanwhile, some schools keep teaching positions open as theology instructors. Although these roles can often only be filled by people who have worked within a church.

Theology as a Unified Science

Theology draws from many fields, and this leads some to doubt its authenticity as a science. They view it as an amalgamation of other studies instead.

This matters and is of profound importance for modern religions.

Most sciences use empiricism to establish truth. Theology is not among them. This is because empiricism was established according to precepts which were found within Christian teachings. And the fact that theology has been used to create empiricism means that theology itself is not empirical.

But most people don’t know this.

So they apply empiricism to the claims made by theology, and they are able to refute many of its assertions.

So empiricists who study theology accidentally undermine the thing which led to empiricism because they don’t know where their method came from.

The result is that both theology and, later, empiricism are undone.

And the loss of both these methods for establishing truth creates a void where truth had once been. Then awful things begin to arise in response to the death of truth.

But the death of truth can be prevented if theology is protected from empiricism.

And the way to protect it is by knowing that theology is a single science and not a collection of others. This allows clear boundaries to be drawn between the fields of study and maintains the integrity of each.

Is Theology a Single Science?- The Argument Against

The philosophers who lived in Europe before Christianity covered the continent would have denied that theology was one science.

This is because sciences are meant to treat with one type of subject.

But theology seems concerned with three subjects: the Creator, His creation, and the relationship between the two.

And these three subjects cannot be unified under the banner of a single science.

So theology is not a science, but rather a combination of others.

In addition to those subjects presented in the previous point, theology also concerns itself with angels, demons, and morals. These are yet further subjects which support the notion that our topic is not a single science.

What Does the Bible Say?

However, in the Book of Wisdom (10:10), the Old Testament states:

Wisdom gave him knowledge of holy things.

And the word wisdom is given in the singular and not in the plural.

So if wisdom refers to something either similar or identical to theology, then it is a single science.

Aquinas’ Argument in Favor

Theology is a single science.

The seeming separation of the subjects with which it is concerned does not negate this truth. This is because the many subjects in question are meant to be categorized in a way for which the first objection did not account.

A higher category exists under which the subjects in question can be rightly placed. That category is theology.

This is analogous to how a pear and an apple both belong to the category of fruits, but only one belongs to the category of things which grow from apple trees.

Now, because this science considers things to have been divinely revealed, and because those things concern different subjects, it is appropriate to treat the category of divine revelation as one containing many other small ones.

So to treat with many subjects of man, God, angels, demons, morals, and more still is really only to treat with one thing: divine revelation.

The Unity of God and Creation

Theology does not deal with all things equally. It is concerned foremost with God, and it only treats with other subjects according to their relationship with God. So a unity exists within the field.

The lower subjects with which theology deals can be placed under a higher category and treated as part of the same. This allows us to consider the relationships between lower subjects under the umbrella of the larger and maintain the unity of the science. So study of man and his relationship with the earth is a part of theology, yet it does not concern God as one of its direct subjects.

What Theology Is All About – Conclusion

Here’s a list of key takeaways from the ideas shown above:

  • Theology is used to construct religion
  • Religion is the expression of the relationship between God and man
  • Theologians work for churches or schools
  • It is a single science
  • Yet it is not empirical
  • And it contains many subfields
  • The Bible affirms theology as a science
  • And boundaries between fields of study help preserve their integrity

Gene Botkin

Gene is the director of the Theosis Christian Project. He studied physics and military science before founding the Project. Gene is currently pursuing his doctorate in systems engineering at an engineering college in the Ozarks. The Theosis Christian Project is his attempt to expand Holy Orthodoxy in America.

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