Was Jesus Ever in Rome? – The Complete Answer

If you’re learning about the Catholic Church, then you might find yourself wondering if Jesus was ever in Rome.

I was wondering this myself and decided to research the topic to provide a definitive answer for it.

Jesus was never in Rome. He was born in Bethlehem, he spent his life traveling throughout the neighboring regions, and he was crucified at Golgotha, just outside of Jerusalem. He did not travel to Rome after his resurrection.

Jesus was never in Rome, but Rome is a major center of Christianity and the headquarters of the Catholic Church. Why is that?

Carry on to find out.

“If Jesus wasn’t in Rome, then why is Rome so important in Christianity?”

Jesus was real. People knew him. He called twelve apostles to serve him, and he made Simon Peter their leader.

After Jesus ascended into Heaven, Peter and the remaining apostles began spreading his teachings throughout the Roman Empire and beyond. Each apostle was responsible for spreading Christianity to a different region, and Peter was entrusted with bringing the rleigion to Rome.

Peter accomplished his task, and Christianity began to spread throughout the city and the surrounding areas. Eventually, the peoplses throughoutt he Western Roman Empire and its successor states converted to Christianity, and they held themselves accountable to the church in Rome because the other churches which the apostles had founded were too far away.

Eventually, the Roman bishop and the Christians who asnwered to him had grown in power relative to the bishops further east, and these Christians declared that their own bishop had authority beyond the others.

The bishops further east disagreed with this claim, and the Roman Bishop and his followers split away from the eastern churches.

And this act formed the Catholic church.

The Catholics were then successful in spreading their authority throughout the world, and the influence of the Roman bishop increased dramatically.

“I heard that Jesus walked up some stairs in Rome. Doesn’t that prove he was there?”

The stairs in question are called the Scale Sancta, and they are indeed located in Rome.

Jesus walked up these stairs, and the stairs are definitely located in Rome, but Jesus was not in Rome when he walked on them.

The stairs were originally located in Jerusalem, and they were part of Pontius Pilate’s palace. the stairs were dismantled and moved to Rome at some time during the fourth century after Christianity was declared to be the official religion of the Roman Empire. They have remained there ever since, and have currently been renovated and opened to the public as a site if pilgrimage.

“So, where did Jesus go?”

The four main regions in which Jesus spent his life were: Galilee, Judea, Samaria, and Decapolis. He also spent a small amount of time in Egypt, Roman Syria, and Caesarea Phillippi.

Jesus in Galilee

The following is a list of things which Christ was recorded to have done in Galilee, where he spent most of his life.

Bethsaida: Jesus heals a blind man hear in Mark 8:22-26.

Cana: Jesus performs his first miracle here hen he turns water into wine.

Capernaum: This one of the more important sites in the New Testament. Jesus begins his public ministry here, he heals several people, he gathers many followers, including Matthew, and then he leaves to minister elsewhere.

After Jesus leaves, the people of Capernaum turn on him and begin to doubt that he is the Messiah, so Jesus curses them for doubting after having seen his miracles.

Chorazin: Jesus curses Chorazin for its peoples’ rejection of him after having been made aware of his miracles.

Gennesaret: This town was on the northwestern shore of the lake Galilee (also called lake Gennesaret). Jesus “heals the land” here in Matthew 14:34-36 and Mark 6:53-56.

Mount of Transfiguration: Nobody is quite sure which mountain this is, but it is known to be the place where Jesus was transfigured before Peter, James, adn John.

Nain: Jesus raises the dead for the first time here.

Nazareth: Nazareth is both where Jesus grew up and where the Finding in the Temple episode took place. The Finding in the Temple scene is the only account of Jesus’ childhood behavior included in the New Testament.

Sea of Galilee: This lake is an important location throughout the story of Jesus, from the beginning of his ministry to the end. Jesus calls his first discipled along shores of this lake. Later, after Christ’s resurrection, Jesus enables his followers to catch a miraculous amount of fish from here.

Jesus in Judea

The following is a list of things which Christ was recorded to have done in Judea, where he was crucified and returned.

Bethany “near Jerusalem”: This is the location where Jesus raised Lazarus before entering Jerusalem to be crucified.

There is another Bethany, “Bethany beyond the Jordan,” in John 1:28. This entry refers to a place in Roman Arabia, near The Decapolis.

Bethesda: In John 5:1-18, Jesus heals a paralytic next to a pool in this area.

Bethlehem: The Gospel of Luke (2:1-7) states that Jesus was born in Bethlehem.

Bethphage is mentioned as the place from which Jesus ordered his disciples to retrieve a donkey for his Triumphal entry into Jerusalem. Matthew 21:1; Mark 11:1; and Luke 19:29 mention it being close to Bethany.

Calvary (Golgotha): This is the Place of the Skull, where Jesus was crucified.

Emmaus: After JEsus resurrects, he meets his disciples along the Road to Emmaus,a dn they fail to recognize him. He eats supper with them before they realize who he is. the account is included in Luke 24:13-32.

Gabbatha: This is the location where Jesus was placed on trial by Poontius Pilate.

Gethsemane: This si the location to whcih Jesus travels after the Last Supper and the agony in the Garden scene take splace. Jesus is arrested here.

Jericho: Jesus heals a blind man named Bartimaeus here.

Mount of Olives: This mountains was the location where Jesus would often retire to pray. It appears several times throughout the New Testament, and Christ’s ascension into heaven takes place near the mountain.

Temple in Jerusalem: The Temple is featured in the Cleansing of the Temple incident, in which Jesus expels the money changers. This is the temple that Jesus said he would tear down and then raise up once more.

Jesus in Samaria

The New Testament asserts that John the Baptist was baptizing people in Samaria.

Ænon: The Gospel of John (3:23) asserts this was the place where John the Baptist performed baptisms in the River Jordan, “because there was much water there”.

Caesarea Maritima (disputable): The only archeologic evidence of Pontius Pilate’s existence is an item called the Pilate Stone. It was discovered here in 1961, and its presence suggests that Jesus may have been entered this city as well.

Sychar: This is the place where Jesus encounters the Samaritan woman in John 4:4-26.

Jesus in Petraea

Decapolis was a prodominantly Greek area on the Roman Arabian frontier where Jesus is reported to have expelled demons.

Bethabara: The Gospel of John asserts that John the Baptist was baptizing in “Bethany beyond the Jordan”. This is not the village Bethany near Jerusalem, but a different settlement called Bethany.

Decapolis: The healing the deaf mute of the Decapolis takes place in this area.

Gerasa: Is the location where Jesus expelled evil spirits from the Gerasene demoniac in Mark 5:1-20, Matthew 8:28-34, Mark 5:1-20, and Luke 8:26-39.

So, was Jesus ever in Rome?

And with that, we’ve covered the places where Jesus was known to have spent his life. He was in Galilee, Judea, Samaria, Petraea, and a few other outlying places…

But not in Rome.

So what does that mean for us?

To be honest… not that much.

Most of the people who wonder if Jesus was in Rome only do so out of sincere curiosity.

They won’t do anything with the knowledge that Jesus was not in Rome.

Other people want to want to know the answer because they feel it hurts Catholicism.

They tell themselves, “Jesus wasn’t in Rome, so Catholics are wrong to praise the pope.”

Most of the people who say this don’t realize that the pope’s legitimacy does not depend upon Jesus having entered Rome. Meanwhile, others pretend that this si the case in order to more easily criticize Catholicism.

Although some people will lie and pretend that it does when they want to oppose Catholics.

And some Catholics ask if Jesus was in Rome because they want the answer to be “Yes”.

This would make it easier for them to tell themselves that Catholicism is the right religion.

They want to tell themselves, “Jesus was in Rome. That means that our church is right!”

Please do not make these same mistakes.

Gene Botkin

Gene is the director of the Theosis Christian Project. He studied physics and military science before founding the Project. Gene is currently pursuing his doctorate in systems engineering at an engineering college in the Ozarks. The Theosis Christian Project is his attempt to expand Holy Orthodoxy in America.

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