Did God create angels?
Angels, divine spirits acting as messengers between God and men, have always been one of the more fascinating aspects of Christian cosmology.
So it is only natural that Christians, pagans, and secularists alike would have some curiosity on what angels are and how they’re like.
So they go looking for information on these creatures.
And it is quite easy to find, but it is also of poor quality.
Many people construct their own fantasies concerning angels and their place within creation. Then they pass off their fantasies as truths.
These falsehoods are then mixed with legitimate information online.
So it becomes hard to know which pieces of information are supported by Christian theology, and which parts are fabrications made by the bored.
The purpose of this page is to provide Catholic and Orthodox Christians with information which they can trust. To that end, I am including the writings of a certain saint on the topic of angels so that the information can be trusted.
And I’ll begin with a summary of the most important question people like to ask.
Did God create angels?
God created angels. He brought them out of nothing into being and created them after His own image. The angels are an incorporeal race, they are not eternal, and they live and die by God’s grace. Human cannot know their true form. These are the words of St. John of Damascus.
So, God created the angels. we can trust this is the case because the saint has told us so.
Now, let’s go ahead and explore what else he has to say about the topic.
An Exposition of the Orthodox Faith – St. John of Damascus
Chapter 3. Concerning angels.
Did God Create the Angels?
He is Himself the Maker and Creator of the angels.
For He brought them out of nothing into being and created them after His own image.
How Angels Look
The angels were an incorporeal race, a sort of spirit or immaterial fire.
In the words of the divine David:
“He makes His angels spirits, and His ministers a flame of fire; and He has described their lightness and the ardor, and heat, and keenness and sharpness with which they hunger for God and serve Him, and how they are borne to the regions above and are quite delivered from all material thought.”
Do Angels Have Free Will? – Orthodox & Catholic
An angel, then, is an intelligent essence, in perpetual motion, with free-will, incorporeal, ministering to God, having obtained by grace an immortal nature.
The Creator alone knows the form and limitation of its essence.
Are Angels Incorporeal?
But all that we can understand is, that it is incorporeal and immaterial.
For all that is compared with God Who alone is incomparable, we find to be dense and material.
For in reality only the Deity is immaterial and incorporeal.
The Angelic Nature
The angel’s nature then is rational, and intelligent, and endowed with free-will, changeable in will, or fickle.
For all that is created is changeable, and only that which is un-created is unchangeable.
Also all that is rational is endowed with free-will.
As it is, then, rational and intelligent, it is endowed with free-will.
And as it is created, it is changeable, having power either to abide or progress in goodness, or to turn towards evil.
It is not susceptible of repentance because it is incorporeal. For it is owing to the weakness of his body that man comes to have repentance.
Can Angels Die? – Catholic & Orthodox
It is immortal, not by nature but by grace.
For all that has had beginning comes also to its natural end.
But God alone is eternal, or rather, He is above the Eternal.
For He, the Creator of times, is not under the dominion of time, but above time.
They are secondary intelligent lights derived from that first light which is without beginning, for they have the power of illumination.
Do Angels Speak?
They have no need of tongue or hearing, but without uttering words they communicate to each other their own thoughts and counsels.
Through the Word, therefore, all the angels were created, and through the sanctification by the Holy Spirit were they brought to perfection, sharing each in proportion to his worth and rank in brightness and grace.
Where Do Angels Live?
They are circumscribed. For when they are in the Heaven they are not on the earth, and when they are sent by God down to the earth they do not remain in the Heaven.
They are not hemmed in by walls and doors, and bars and seals, for they are quite unlimited.
How Angels Actually Look
Unlimited, I repeat, for it is not as they really are that they reveal themselves to the worthy men to whom God wishes them to appear, but in a changed form which the beholders are capable of seeing.
For that alone is naturally and strictly unlimited which is un-created.
For every created thing is limited by God Who created it.
Further, apart from their essence they receive the sanctification from the Spirit. Through the divine grace they prophesy. Angels have no need of marriage for they are immortal.
Seeing that they are minds they are in mental places and are not circumscribed after the fashion of a body.
For they have not a bodily form by nature, nor are they extended in three dimensions.
But to whatever post they may be assigned, there they are present after the manner of a mind and energize, and cannot be present and energize in various places at the same time.
Are All Angels the Same?
Whether they are equals in essence or differ from one another we know not.
God, their Creator, Who knows all things, alone knows.
But they differ from each other in brightness and position, whether it is that their position is dependent on their brightness, or their brightness on their position.
And they impart brightness to one another, because they excel one another in rank and nature.
And clearly the higher share their brightness and knowledge with the lower.
What Can Angels Do?
They are mighty and prompt to fulfill the will of the Deity, and their nature is endowed with such celerity that wherever the Divine glance bids them there they are straightway found.
They are the guardians of the divisions of the earth: they are set over nations and regions, allotted to them by their Creator: they govern all our affairs and bring us succor.
And the reason surely is because they are set over us by the divine will and command and are ever in the vicinity of God.
With difficulty they are moved to evil, yet they are not absolutely immoveable: but now they are altogether immoveable, not by nature but by grace and by their nearness to the Only Good.
They behold God according to their capacity, and this is their food.
They are above us for they are incorporeal, and are free of all bodily passion, yet are not passionless. The Deity alone is passionless.
They take different forms at the bidding of their Master, God, and thus reveal themselves to men and unveil the divine mysteries to them.
They have Heaven for their dwelling-place, and have one duty, to sing God’s praise and carry out His divine will.
Heavenly Essences – Did God Create Orders of Angels?
Moreover, as that most holy, and sacred, and gifted theologian, Dionysius the Areopagite, says, all theology, that is to say, the holy Scripture, has nine different names for the heavenly essences.
These essences that divine master in sacred things divides into three groups, each containing three.
And the first group, he says, consists of those who are in God’s presence and are said to be directly and immediately one with Him, the Seraphim with their six wings, the many-eyed Cherubim and those that sit in the holiest thrones.
The second group is that of the Dominions, and the Powers, and the Authorities; and the third, and last, is that of the Rulers and Archangels and Angels.
The Order of Angels in Creation
Some, indeed, like Gregory the Theologian, say that these were before the creation of other things.
He thinks that the angelic and heavenly powers were first and that thought was their function.
Others, again, hold that they were created after the first heaven was made.
But all are agreed that it was before the foundation of man.
For myself, I am in harmony with the theologian. For it was fitting that the mental essence should be the first created, and then that which can be perceived, and finally man himself, in whose being both parts are united.
Can Angels Create Things?
But those who say that the angels are creators of any kind of essence whatever are the mouth of their father, the devil.
For since they are created things they are not creators.
But He Who creates and provides for and maintains all things is God, Who alone is uncreated and is praised and glorified in the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.
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